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Minerva: Honouring the Goddess of Wisdom, Art and Owls


Minerva is a goddess from ancient Roman religion and mythology, regarded as the goddess of wisdom, strategic warfare, arts, crafts, trade and cities. The Goddess can be seen as an archetype representing both modern civilisation and culture and the intellect of humankind.

Throughout the Roman Empire, Minerva was venerated as a patroness of various aspects of life and society, embodying the Roman values of intelligence, creativity and strategic warfare. Her influence also extended to include science, medicine and magic. Her worship, like that of other Roman deities, blended with local cults and deities as the Roman Empire expanded.

Minerva is often depicted with her sacred creature, the owl, which symbolizes wisdom and her role as a patroness of intellectual and creative pursuits. She is commonly shown wearing armour and carrying a shield and a spear, highlighting her martial aspect.

Minerva’s origins in Roman mythology are influenced by the Greek goddess Athena. The Romans adopted many aspects of Greek culture and religion during their conquests. As such, she shares many characteristics and myths with Athena, including her birth, fully grown and armoured, from the head of her father, Jupiter (Zeus in Greek mythology).

The goddess was celebrated in several festivals, most notably the Quinquatria, a five-day festival which began on March 19. This festival was particularly important for artisans, students and teachers, reflecting her role as the protector of craftspeople and the patron of intellectual and educational pursuits.

Minerva as City Goddess

In her role as a goddess of wisdom, strategic warfare and the protector of arts and crafts, Minerva was also considered a patroness of cities in ancient Roman religion. Her protective aspects were invoked to safeguard the city’s welfare and its people, and to ensure the prosperity of various civic endeavours. As part of the Capitoline Triad alongside Jupiter and Juno, she was worshipped at the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus on the Capitoline Hill, a central and sacred site in Rome, emphasising her importance in the civic and religious life of the city.

Minerva’s association with wisdom and strategic warfare made her an ideal deity to invoke for the protection and strategic planning of cities. She was seen as a guardian who could offer her wisdom to city leaders and protectors, ensuring not only the physical safety of the city through warfare but also its intellectual and cultural flourishing. This role is similar to that of Athena in Greek mythology, who was also closely associated with the protection and patronage of cities, most notably Athens, which was named in her honour.

Honouring the Goddess of Wisdom

Here are some ways to honour Minerva that fit in with modern values and lifestyles.

Altar or Shrine

Set up an altar or shrine dedicated to the Goddess, including symbols associated with her, such as owls, olive branches, armour, or representations of crafts and arts. Other items might include books, art supplies, representations of owls, or anything else that feels personally significant. See more offering ideas below.

Prayers and Invocations

Offer prayers or invocations to her, asking for her guidance, wisdom and protection in personal endeavours, particularly those related to education, creativity, and craftsmanship. You can also ask for help for your city, town or local community.

Pursue Lifelong Learning

Commit to continuous learning and self-improvement. This can be through formal education, online courses, or self-study on subjects that interest you. Her essence is deeply rooted in wisdom and knowledge.

Creative Expression

Since she is also the goddess of the arts, engaging in artistic activities such as painting, writing, music, or any form of creative expression is a fitting tribute. Share your creations with others or dedicate them to her in a sacred space.

Craftsmanship and DIY Projects

Given her association with crafts, taking up a new craft or dedicating time to perfect an existing skill is a great way to honour her. This could range from sewing and knitting to woodworking and metalwork.

Meditation and Reflection

Spend time in meditation, focusing on gaining insight, clarity and wisdom. Journaling your thoughts, experiences and the wisdom you’ve gathered can also be a reflective practice to honour her.

Celebrate Owls

The owl, a symbol of wisdom, is sacred to Minerva. You could honour her by learning about owls, supporting owl conservation efforts, or incorporating owl imagery into your home as a reminder of her presence and wisdom.

Community Support and Engagement

Actively participating in or initiating community support activities is a profound way to honour Minerva, reflecting her virtues of wisdom and protection. This could involve volunteering your time and skills to educational programs, literacy campaigns, or local libraries, helping to spread knowledge and foster a love for learning within your community. Supporting local arts by attending performances, exhibitions and funding arts education emphasises her patronage of the arts. Additionally, contributing to social justice causes and community defence initiatives resonates with the goddess’s aspect as a protector and warrior for the just and right. Through these actions, you embody her spirit, aiding in the cultivation of a wise, creative, and protected community.

Feast of Minerva

Host a dinner party or a small gathering themed around her domains. This could include foods that are traditionally Roman or those that symbolize wisdom and knowledge, as well as decorations that reflect her symbols like the owl and olive tree.

Offerings for Minerva

Olive Oil or Olive Branches

Symbolizing peace, wisdom and victory, these offerings reflect her sacred tree and her virtues.

Owl Figurines or Images

As the owl represents wisdom, offering representations of this bird honours her domain of knowledge and insight.

Incense and Herbs

Burning sage, rosemary, or lavender can purify your space and invite her presence, aligning with her aspects of protection and wisdom.

Water or Wine

Offering water symbolizes purity, while wine, used in Roman rituals, celebrates the joy and abundance associated with the goddess.

Coins or Money Donations

Donating to educational, arts, or justice-related causes can be a modern way to honour the goddess by supporting the values she embodies.

Prayers or Invocations

A personal prayer or invocation dedicated to Minerva is a direct way to connect, offering gratitude or seeking guidance in your pursuits of wisdom and creativity.


Quinquatrus, also known as Quinquatria, was an ancient Roman festival held in honour of Minerva, the goddess of wisdom, war, and the arts. This festival traditionally began on the Ides of March, the 19th of March, and lasted for five days, hence the name “Quinquatrus,” which derives from the Latin words for “five” and “day.” The first day of the festival was the most important and was considered a holy day on which no blood was to be shed, reflecting her aspect as a goddess of wisdom and the arts more than her warlike attributes.

The festival was particularly significant for artisans, craftsmen, students and teachers, all of whom fell under her patronage. Activities during the Quinquatrus included various forms of artistic performances, poetry reading, and competitions. Teachers and students would also take this time to honour her, often taking a break from their regular studies and work to participate in the festivities.

Here are some individual and small group activities to celebrate Quinquatrus, focusing on creativity, learning and personal growth:

Crafting a Personal Poem or Story

Reflect on your own journey of wisdom and learning by writing a poem, essay or short story. This personal creative project can serve as a homage to her domains of arts and wisdom. Share it with friends or family, or keep it as a personal reminder of your growth.

DIY Art and Craft Day

Dedicate a day to exploring new crafts or art projects at home. Whether it’s painting, sculpting, knitting, or any other form of art, use this time to honour the goddess of crafts. Invite family members to join and make it a day of shared creativity.

Home Learning Challenge

Pick a new skill or subject you’ve been wanting to learn about and dedicate some time to it. It could be a new language, an online course on history, science, philosophy, or even a musical instrument. Celebrate the goddess’s aspect of wisdom by expanding your knowledge.

Mindful Meditation and Journaling

Spend some time in meditation, focusing on wisdom and personal growth. Follow your meditation with journaling, reflecting on your aspirations, achievements and areas for growth. This activity honours the introspective and wise aspects of the goddess.

Celebratory Feasting

Prepare a special meal and invite family or a few close friends to share in this feast. You could also include a discussion or sharing of personal achievements and aspirations, making the meal a celebration of personal and collective growth.

Nature Walk with a Purpose

Go for a walk in nature with the intention of observing and learning about the natural world. Minerva is also associated with the wisdom of the natural world, so take this time to connect with nature, perhaps bringing along a field guide to help identify plants, birds and other wildlife.

Host a Small Book Club or Discussion Group

Invite a few friends or family members for a discussion on a book or topic related to wisdom, creativity, or personal growth. This can be a great way to share insights, learn from others, and honour the spirit of learning and wisdom.

These activities provide meaningful ways to celebrate Quinquatrus, focusing on self-improvement, creativity and the joy of learning, both individually and with loved ones.

Eva May Baker
Eva May Baker
Hello, and welcome to The City Witch, your portal into the magical world that exists within the hustle and bustle of city life. My name is Eva Baker and I am an urban folk witch, author and your guide on this magical journey.


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